Skip to main content

The Chief who saved his village in the influenza epidemic of 1918.

During this covid-19 pandemic we can learn from what worked 100 years ago during the 1918-1919 pandemic.   

This is a story of a small village called Syatiminda in Africa in what was then Northern Rhodesia and is now Zambia. This village was located not far from the village of Kanchindu in the valley of the Zambesi River.   

The homes at the time were similar to the one shown in the photo below which was taken in Kasenga another village in the region.  The photo was taken a little more than a decade after the time of the 1918-19 pandemic in the 1930s.   

As occurred elsewhere in the world during the pandemic of 1918-1919, communities in Northern Rhodesia were devastated by the pandemic with many people being infected and with many lives lost.  There was an exception in the village of Syatiminda.  

Here the Chief, whose  name was Chief Syatiminda (also spelled in one reference Siatwinda), felt, perhaps prompted by the local government, that the virus was transmitted inside the homes where people were very close together.  He decided that the best option was to keep people outside their homes during the day.  He felt that his people would be healthiest if they were outside and that they were protected by being outside and healthy.   He therefore mandated that everyone in the village had to leave their homes at sunrise and not return until sunset.  

Remarkably, the village largely escaped the ravages that were being experienced in many other nearby villages at the time. 

My father used to tell me the story of this village and what had happened.  He was a good observer and a good recorder of details.  He was two years old in 1918 and survived the epidemic in Kasenga at the time.  When he was 16, he returned to Zambia (Northern Rhodesia then), in the summer of 1932, visited the community of Syatiminda and met Chief Syatiminda.  He made the following observations in his diary written at the time:

At Syatiminda, the name of a chief and also his village, we paused to see the chief.  He is a very notable man and very progressive.   

During a flu epidemic [1918-1919] he gave orders to the effect that nobody was to be inside their huts from sunrise to sunset. He also prepared a medicine from the sap of the baobab and only 2 small children died.  This is extraordinary when in many cases, whole villages were wiped out by the epidemic.”  

My grandfather and grandmother were in the village of Kasenga during the time of the 1918-1919 pandemic.  My grandfather was a physician and he was in Kasenga as a medical missionary.  He helped people in Kasenga and in the nearby villages and would, I am sure have talked to my father about what had happened during the pandemic.  So my father's observations would have been backed up by the information he had gathered from my grandfather.  

It is paradoxical that today we tell people to stay home during the current pandemic, and Chief Syatiminda kept people healthy by ordering them to go outside. Perhaps part of the reason for the difference is that when people were outside in 1918-1919 they not only kept healthy, but they also were more physically separated than they would have been if they had stayed inside. 

It is also important to point out that even during the present epidemic, the general advice has been to go outside to get exercise, but to do it safely by ensuring physical distancing.  A CBC report  by Stephanie Hogan on March 25th provides good advice on how to go outside and get some exercise during the covid-19 pandemic.  You can find it by clicking on this link.    

As a final comments, I do know that my father was influenced enough by Chief Syataminda's story so that for the rest of his life he recommended and practiced getting outside for fresh air and exercise every day - and he lived until he was two months short of being 97 years old. 


  1. I saw a health promotion on a herbalist from West Africa who prepares herbal medicines to cure all sorts of diseases including HIV and many others sickness, I first doubted It was not true but decided to try, when I contacted this herbal physician so lucky I was cure right now am so happy don't lose hope to contact him on time
    via his e-mail, or you can visit his website on https:// or i was totally cure from the virus

  2. My name is Johannes van der Weijden, a former teacher of Namwala Secondary School. This school was mentioned in the book Africa Calling on page 169. Page 170 mentiones the name of Mr. Maonde, my headmaster in those days. Last year we installed an isolation ward for the Namwala District Hospital which helps the hospital to deal with the actual pandemic.
    Besides the supporting of the Namwala Secondary School, we try to found a Museum on the Ila Culture in Namwala. For this reason I collected a lot of documents and other relevant information on the history of the Baila and have compiled it in a book.
    I would appreciate it very much to come into contact with you. Noting the above article and the picture, I can imagine that you might have additional materials which has not yet published.
    Please have a look on our Website:
    Hoping to hear from you soon.
    Kind regards
    Johannes van der Weijden, Switzerland


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Comparison between Manitoba and South Dakota shows dramatic impact of Physical Distancing

Manitoba implemented physical distancing measures in mid-March.  South Dakota has still not made physical distancing mandatory.   The result is a dramatic difference in the incidence of covid-19 viral infections between the two jurisdictions.   This graph shows the number of people with Covid-19 infections from March 27 to April 14.  Manitoba ( red line )  started leveling off about April 4 and has seen only a small increase in Covid-19 infections since then.   South Dakota ( blue line )   has seen a dramatic increase in Covid-19 infections since April 4.  Those who are skeptical of the impact of physical distancing in Manitoba should look at this graph! Data are from the Johns Hopkins daily tabulations

Standing up for Seniors

Yesterday in the Legislature I  asked the Minister of Health questions about the care of seniors in personal care homes in Manitoba.   I specfically called for the Minister to increase the training and staffing requirements for personal care homes in Manitoba to bring them up to date.   My questions, the Minister's comments and the Speaker's interjection are below:  Personal-Care-Home  Improvements - Need for Upgrades to Standards and Training Hon. Jon  Gerrard   (River Heights): Madam Speaker, we're very concerned this government is not adapting to the reality of caring for seniors who are living longer. Seniors living in our personal-care homes today have much more challenging health-care conditions than those who were in similar homes even five years ago, and yet the staffing formula, or minimal personnel requirement, is over 20 years old. Too few care aides and nurses are adequately trained to look after residents with dementia and multiple chronic health conditi

I cried today when I heard the report on the Maples Care Home disaster

Today the Pallister  government released the report on the tragedy which occurred at the Maples personal care home in October  to December 2020.   There were far too many people infected with COVID-19 (73 staff and 157 residents) and far too many deaths (56).  It did not have to be this way.  The central finding of the report was: "The review found that while pandemic plans had  been prepared and were in place, the site was not prepared for the significant reduction in available staff once they had been  exposed to COVID-19  and were required to self-isolate.  In addition, the urgency of requests for additional on-site staffing supports were not  fully understood until the situation became critical.   While additional staff were brought in, many were not skilled in providing long-term care services and  lacked training in infection prevention and control and specialized housekeeping skills."    Five  months before, Manitoba Liberals had warned the Premier three times that pre